Clay pipes imported from England typically have a small bowl and long stem and are made of kaolin (a fine, white clay); this type of pipe is common to Colonial-period archaeological sites.
A number of different kinds of clay pipes were also produced locally.
The three pipe stem fragments had unusually small bore diameters for 17th-century pipes, each recorded at 5/64-inches.
Additional artifacts recovered from 18ST386 include four bottle glass fragments, 1 iron buckle fragment, 1 iron strap fragment, 70 pieces of brick, 6 window glass fragments, 6 wrought nails, 4 unidentified nails, and 14 bone fragments. The Antenna Field collection is owned by the Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Naval District Washington and curated by the Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory.
The brick, window glass, and nails were recovered from contexts concentrated within the site boundaries; combined, they indicate the presence of a 17th-century domestic structure. For more information about the collection and collection access, contact Sara Rivers-Cofield, Federal Collections Manager, at 410-586-8589 or by email at [email protected]
These artifacts include ceramics, tobacco pipes, bottle glass, architectural artifacts, metal, lithics, and faunal remains.
Oyster shell forms the largest category of material with 90 fragments (the majority of these fragments were counted and discared in the field).
Of the remaining 55 fragments, the majority (n=30) include unidentified coarse earthenwares.
Diagnostic ceramic types include North Devon sgraffito (n=3), North Devon gravel-tempered (n=4), Staffordshire slipware (n=3), Buckley-like earthenware (n=8), tin-glazed earthenware (n=2), Rhenish brown stoneware (n=1), English brown stoneware (n=1), and white salt-glazed stoneware (n=1). Archaeological Investigations at the "Antenna Field," St. Prepared for Naval Electronic Systems Engineering Activity, St. The site was occupied during a time in Maryland when planters could focus on building wealth through tobacco cultivation. Inigoes Manor functioned as a kind of home plantation for the Jesuits' other manors located throughout the colony and the residents of the Antenna Field site very likely helped produce tobacco and food crops fpr the mission effort. Smolek of the Maryland Historical Trust's Southern Maryland Regional Center excavated 71 shovel test pits in the field containing the Antenna Field site. The field containing the site was plowed and then disked before being divided into 375 10-by-10 foot squares.Typically, surface collection proceeds after a heavy rainfall exposes artifacts on the ground's surface but that spring was unusually dry (King and Pogue 1985:5).The Antenna Field site (18ST386) is located on the Jesuit plantation of St. The survey resulted in part in the identification of two colonial domestic sites at Antenna Field: 18ST386 and 18ST541. In the 1980s, planned construction at the Naval Electronic Systems Engineering Activity (NESEA) (today Patuxent River Naval Air Station Webster Field Annex) required archaeological survey of this and adjacent fields.Two tobacco pipe stems recovered from 18ST386 contained identifiable maker's marks.