World War II Alcoa’s aluminum becomes critically important to the U. Key to the war effort are alloys specially formulated to be forged into ultra-strong propeller blades, engine parts and structural components for aircraft and military vehicles.
In a post-war boom of consumer spending growth and mass media, Alcoa seeks to become a household name.
Alcoa Foundation Alcoa charters a new development organization: Alcoa Foundation.
Alcoa increases efficiency of public works projects Following the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, Congress authorizes the construction of thousands of miles of levees in the Lower Mississippi Valley in one of the largest public works projects in the nation's history.
The project proceeds faster and more efficiently thanks to a key innovation: Alcoa aluminum replacing steel in the booms of giant draglines used to move earth for levee construction.
Hunt) for his aluminum reduction (electrolysis) discovery.
The company is first incorporated as The Pittsburgh Reduction Company and opens a pilot production facility on Smallman Street.
Around the same time, the same process is discovered by chemist Paul T.
Héroult of France, and it comes to be known as the Hall-Héroult Process.
Working with his sister Julia in a shed attached to the family home in Oberlin, Ohio, chemistry student Charles Martin Hall discovers a way to produce aluminum through electrolysis that drastically reduces its cost.
Hall patents his process and an industry is born around the light, strong metal.
More than 90% of all alloys currently used in the aerospace industry were developed by Alcoa research. Today, aluminum is still making buses more environmentally friendly by reducing the overall weight of the vehicle, which significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions associated with global warming.